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City in ruins at Rio de Janeiro becomes the first archaeological park in the country  

09-06-2011 15:58

 Placed in São João Marcos the site is 128km far from Rio de Janeiro. The municipality was waterlogged to enlarge the dam and it desapeared.

 The State of Rio de Janeiro in 09/06/2011, Thursday, gains good news for those who like archaeology and history. It will be inaugurated in the municipality of Rio Claro, in South Fluminense, the Archaeological and Environmental Park of São João Marcos. The space, which is the first archaeological site from the country, is 128 km far from the capital and it was projected In the São João Marcos city ruins.


Tourist Will visit the ruins of the city which disappeared after being waterlogged (Source: Spreading/ Light)



During three years a team of historians, museologists, architects, landscapers and other professionals worked to elaborate and build the park, that counts with a 930 thousand m² area.

The park rescues not just one city that was desapeared for more than 70 years but also the Coffee Cycle times (XIX Century), one of most important times of the Rio de Janeiro economy.


Between the offered attractions are the Center of Memory which tells in a ludic way the history of São João Marcos and a circuit of visitation forthe old city. Beyond this the visitors also may follow the results of historic and archaeological surveys.


Archaeological and Environmental Park of São João Marcos


The tour for the city in ruins will last about 40 minutes and the frequenters will always be together with guides and they will receive booklets with data about the region. During the path they will be able to know the structures as the ossuary from the Matriz Church, sidewalks, the frontline of the captain-general house, part of the Tibiriçá theatre structure and the then oven in half-moon that reveals the bakery. The area of exposition counts with a model of the original city.

The project is a Light initiative in partnership with the State Secretary of the Culture and aims to contribute for the historical and cultural preservation from the Paraíba Fluminense Valley and for the tourism development this way creating employment and income for the entire region.

The space has also an amphitheater, cafeteria and it is capable to receive until 280 visitors by day. The park will be opened from Wednesday to Sunday, from 10 am to 4 pm. For more information: https://goo.gl/E2Kv4


The São João Marcos city was the first one to be listed by the National Historic Heritage in 1939 and curiously the first one to be unlisted in Brazil. Built amid the Atlantic Forest in the XVIII century next to the Ribeirão das Lages dam, it needed to be dispossessed during the Getulio Vargas government for the water reservoir capacity from the capital of the country that days, Rio de Janeiro, could be increased; It was needed to dispossesses the urban complex and seventy farms around.  

Source: Site G1 – 06.09.11